Zeebrugge straks in Russische handen?

Herinnert U zich de tijd toen de Spaanse overheerser z'n verliezen tegen Frankrijk niet in het zuiden maar in het noorden ging vereffenen met het afstaan van steeds meer delen van Vlaanderen? Het ziet er naar uit dat de geschiedenis zich herhaalt. De Moscow Times wijst donderdag op een vermoedelijk akkoord tussen de Franse President Nicolas Sarkozy en het Kremlin. Het komt er op neer dat de Russische energiegigant Gazprom aast op stukken van het Franse Gaz de France en Suez imperium, nu dat het Franse Total een belangrijk aandeel heeft gekregen in het ontwikkelen van het begeerde Russische Shtokman olieveld. De stukken waar het om gaat zijn volgens de Moskouse krant en bronnen in de States: de Zeebrugse LNG-Terminal en een vloeibare gasterminal van Distrigas in Massachusetts.

Gazprom on Wednesday denied it was seeking assets from merging French firms Gaz de France and Suez, amid speculation that French President Nicolas Sarkozy promised the Kremlin he would support the move. Analysts expect France to offer a reciprocal to Gazprom after the state-run gas giant's decision to award French oil major Total a share in developing the coveted Shtokman field last week. "Regarding the rumors, we deny them," a Gazprom spokesman said. "Negotiations on buying GDF or Suez assets are not going on." Prime-Tass news agency, citing an unidentified source, reported late Tuesday that Sarkozy had pledged his support during a phone call with President Vladimir Putin on July 11, the eve of Gazprom's decision on Shtokman.
A senior adviser in the Elysee Palace denied that Sarkozy had made the promise during the phone call. "The issue did not come up," said the adviser, speaking on condition of anonymity. "There is no deal. There is no link between the two issues." Prime-Tass said Sarkozy told Putin he would support Gazprom bids for several Suez assets, which the French company is to sell off to obtain European Commission monopoly clearance for its delayed merger with GDF.
The report identified the assets as a Distrigas liquefied natural gas terminal in Massachusetts and the Zeebrugge LNG terminal in Belgium, as well as power assets in France and Belgium. Gazprom deputy head Alexander Medvedev first floated the idea last August, France's La Tribune reported at the time. Spokespeople for GDF and Suez declined to comment. As the Kremlin moves closer to completing its strategy of bringing major oil and gas projects into its fold, it has moved to phase two -- striking direct deals with European firms in a bid to circumvent opposition to its plans of energy expansion. "Russian companies are growing, and the limits of the Russian market naturally become very tight," Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said. "Our closest ally is Europe. Predictably, the first market of attention for big Russian companies is the European market, especially in the field of energy." Analysts said any moves into the French market after the Shtokman deal would be consistent with the Kremlin's policy of expecting access to European markets in exchange for allowing Western oil firms to operate in its increasingly lucrative developments. "There is so much upheaval in the energy sector right now. Why wouldn't a new French president be exploring possibilities, for example with Algeria or Russia?" said Daniel Simmons, a gas supply expert with the Paris-based International Energy Agency. Sarkozy has said he is keeping his options open as the government decides whether to issue formal approval for the $123 billion merger of GDF and Suez, including some sort of deal with Algeria's Sonatrach. Gazprom is more likely to seek an equity stake in the merged GDF-Suez holding or direct access to French end users, said Valery Nesterov, an analyst at Troika Dialog. Some analysts have speculated that Total might have offered to ease the terms of its production sharing agreement at the Kharyaga oil field, allowing the state to reap higher profits in a world of over $70 per barrel oil prices. Total spokeswoman Patricia Marie declined to confirm or deny whether the issue of Kharyaga was part of the negotiations on Shtokman. The company has come under fire for purported environmental violations at the field. As Europe continues to voice its concern over heavy dependence on Russian energy and relations with the West plummet to a new low, the Kremlin has been aggressively pushing an approach of "strategic reciprocity" -- sealing tit-for-tat energy deals to overcome popular resistance to Gazprom's desires for westward expansion. As part of the deal over Kovykta -- a large gas field in eastern Siberia that BP's Russia unit handed to Gazprom in June after months of state pressure -- BP, TNK-BP and Gazprom agreed to look at investments with up to $3 billion, including global asset swaps. Last week, Shell and Rosneft agreed to look at joint projects in Russia and abroad. The agreement was signed half a year after Shell ceded majority control of Sakhalin-2 to Gazprom, following a months-long campaign by state environmental officials. Moscow has indicated a clear preference for striking direct deals with European capitals and oil firms, bypassing Brussels as negotiations on an energy strategy with the European Union continue to stall. While it has won long-term supply contracts with several countries -- Gazprom's deal with GDF runs through 2015 -- it has failed to make widespread inroads into downstream markets. "There are many countries who have their own policies with regards to Russia," said Simmons of the IEA, adding that Brussels has failed to develop a "united front" to Russia. Gazprom awarded a 25 percent stake in Shtokman's operating company to Total on July 12, yet stuck to its commitment to keep full control of the field's license and reserves. It also said it could offer a further 24 percent stake to more foreign participants.
Gazprom announced in October that it was shutting down competition for stakes in the field, after lengthy negotiations with Total, Statoil and Norsk Hydro of Norway, and U.S. firms ConocoPhillips and Chevron.